Varicose veins aren’t just uncomfortable to look at – they can also cause pain because of the complications that can happen. Varicose veins are naturally occurring especially for women who give birth, but it can also be caused by standing for long periods. Know how you can treat varicose veins here.

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins, also called spider veins, are the green or violet veins you see at the back of your knee. They are damaged veins because they have been weakened.

What causes them to appear on your skin as such is when the valves in those veins are blocked and the blood gets stuck in the veins. In an ideal situation, the blood vessels are able to push blood towards the heart. Instead, in the case of varicose veins, blood does not go back.

When blood does not circulate in these veins, it tends to add pressure to the vein itself. This makes it bulge upwards towards your skin, hence, their appearance.

4 Methods to Treat Varicose Veins

1. Compression Stockings

Compression stockings are stockings that apply pressure to your legs to increase the blood flow from your veins back to your heart. This pressure will come steadily to the areas of your legs which will cause the veins to be less swollen. This also prevents blood clots from occurring.

2. Sclerotherapy

Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive treatment that involves injecting a solution called a sclerosant. This solution is injected into the spider vein itself. What the sclerosant does is to reduce the swelling and to reinforce the veins to stick together.

When the veins stick together, circulation is improved. Your dermatologist will massage the area and might ask you to wear compression stockings after.

3. Laser Treatment

One of the more common treatments is using laser therapy. A laser fiber is inserted into a catheter which is then inserted into your body. The laser produces heat that will cause the blood vessels to close and shrink.

When they are small enough, your body will absorb the veins making them less visible on your skin. The results can be seen after 1-3 months. 

4. Radiofrequency Treatment 

Radiofrequency treatment is a lot similar to laser treatment in terms of procedure. However, instead of using laser, it uses radio waves to produce heat.

For this procedure, your doctor will start by numbing the vein and using an ultrasound to see them from inside your leg. A wire catheter will be the medium for passing a radiofrequency wave to your veins.

This will produce heat on your veins causing them to collapse. Eventually, they will be absorbed by your skin. After a few months, you won’t be able to see the veins anymore.

Your dermatologist may ask you to do a few things to prevent varicose veins. They can be exercising, elevating your legs, or asking you to sit and stand alternatively every 30 minutes.

While these don’t eliminate varicose veins that already exist, they are effective ways to prevent the appearance of new ones without having to go through treatment.